The harsh and varied landscapes are typical for the Alps and are part of their attractiveness. At the same time, they expose the Alpine population to a number of natural hazards. These hazards can potentially jeopardise human activities and lives, and they are becoming more frequent due to climate change. The number and scope of floods, rockfalls, landslides, avalanches and other natural hazards has been increasing. It is therefore important to raise awareness among the public and to share and coordinate measures among Alpine states. The damage caused by natural hazards must be prevented and limited with measures that are effective without massively impacting landscapes and ecosystems.
Protocols and Declarations
There is no Protocol on natural hazards. However, the topic is addressed in the following Protocols: Mountain Forests Protocol, Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development Protocol, Soil Conservation Protocol, and Transport Protocol as well as the Action Plan on Climate Change in the Alps.
Thematic Working Bodies
- Natural Hazards Working Group (PLANALP)
Selected Documents and Publications
Nature-Based Solutions in the Context of Natural Hazards - Policy brief (2022)
Exhibition of natural hazard models and risk communication tools (2020)
7th Report on the State of the Alps: Natural Hazard Risk Governance (2019)
Alpine strategy for adaptation to climate change in the field of natural hazards (2013)
Responsibility of the municipalities in the protection against natural hazards - available in German, French, Italian, and Slovenian (2009)
RockTheAlps (Alpine Space Programme) - harmonised rockfall, natural risk, and protection forest mapping in the Alpine space (2016-2019)
Alpen-Forum-Innsbruck on climate change and natural hazards (2015) - in German