The Alps are home to more than 30,000 animal and 13,000 plant species. Almost 30% of the Alpine area is protected, but many species roam over larger distances. Ecological corridors and “steppingstones” are crucial for enabling these movements. Moreover, it is important that the whole territory remains permeable and liveable for all species.
Large carnivores (wolf, bear, and lynx) and wild ungulates (ibex, chamois, red deer, etc.) are an important part of the Alpine imagery and ecosystems, but may come into conflict with human activities such as pastoralism, forestry, and hunting. Sustainable wildlife management requires us to balance and harmonise these and other interests. Well-balanced solutions have to be sought in cooperation with all involved actors (Article 2, 2f of the Framework Convention).
In 2023 a Trilateral Memorandum of Cooperation was signed between the CBD, the Carpathian Convention, and the Alpine Convention to deepen cooperation on the topic of biodiversity.
Protocols and Declarations
Thematic Working Bodies
Natural Hazards Working Group (PLANALP)
Ecological Network Platform (2006-2019)
Selected Documents and Publications
Evaluation of the Pilot Regions for Ecological Connectivity of the Alpine Convention - regarding the first eight pilot regions established in 2011 (2016)