The history of the Alpine Convention

1952

Creation of the International Commission for the Protection of the Alps (CIPRA), which launched the call for an Alpine-wide treaty to protect the Alps.

1988

Following promotion and lobbying efforts by CIPRA, a unanimous plenary resolution is passed in the European Parliament to draw up a “Convention on the protection of the Alpine region”.

9-11 October 1989

The first Alpine Conference takes place in Berchtesgaden (DE). Environment Ministers adopt an 89-point resolution laying down the concrete commitment to formulate a binding international treaty between the eight Alpine countries and the European Economic Community (EEC).

7 November 1991

The Alpine Convention is completed and signed in Salzburg (AT) by Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and the EEC.

1993

Slovenia signs the Convention, becoming the eighth Contracting Party.

1994

Monaco becomes the ninth Contracting Party after signing a separate additional Protocol.

1995

The Alpine Convention enters into force.

1994 - 2000

Further specific commitments are set out in eight thematic Protocols.
20 December 1994: Spatial Planning and Sustainable Development, Mountain Farming, Nature Protection and Landscape Conservation
27 February 1996: Mountain Forests
16 October 1998: Tourism, Energy, Soil Conservation
31 October 2000: Transport

2002

Entry into force of the eight thematic Protocols.

2003

Establishment of the Permanent Secretariat in Innsbruck (AT), with a branch office in Bolzano/Bozen (IT).

2006

IX Alpine Conference:
Declaration on Population and Culture
Declaration on Climate Change

2016

XIV Alpine Conference:
Declaration on Fostering a Sustainable Economy in the Alps

2019

XV Alpine Conference:
Declaration of Innsbruck: Climate-neutral and Climate-resilient Alps 2050

2020

XVI Alpine Conference:
Declaration on integrated and sustainable water management in the Alps
Declaration on the Protection of Mountain Biodiversity and its Promotion at International Level

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