Climate change is occurring at a faster pace in the Alps than elsewhere: Since the late 19th century temperatures have risen by almost 2 °C, a rate about twice as large as the northern hemisphere average. The impacts of climate change vary across the Alps, but they do not stop at administrative borders.
The Contracting Parties to the Alpine Convention adopted in 2006 a Declaration on Climate Change to reinforce their cooperation. This was complemented in 2009 by an Action Plan on Climate Change in the Alps with specific strategic measures and best practice examples. Taking action on climate change has also been one of the priorities set in the Multi-Annual Work Programme of the Alpine Conference since 2011. In 2016, the XIV Alpine Conference established the Advisory Committee on the Alpine Climate (in short Alpine Climate Board), “in order to bundle together relevant climate change activities carried out in the framework of the Alpine Convention and to elaborate proposals for a concrete system of objectives of the Alpine Convention in regard to the perspective of a “climate neutral Alpine space” in accordance with European and international objectives.” The resulting Alpine Climate Target System was adopted by the XV Alpine Conference in the frame of the Declaration of Innsbruck “Climate-neutral and climate-resilient Alps 2050”.
During its 2019-2021 mandate the Alpine Climate Board focusses on the development of an updated Climate Action Plan to be adopted at the XVI Alpine Conference and on the facilitation of the operationalization of the Alpine Climate Target System 2050.
Overview of activities, documents and results
Synthesis report: Stock-taking as basis for defining activities of the Alpine Climate Board (2017, updated in 2019)